IceHawk

IceHawk request information

The IceHawk component wraps the informative part of the current request (usually the superglobal $_SERVER variable) into an object of the RequestInfo class. This documentation shows you what you can get out of it.


The request info interface

The RequestInfo class belongs to IceHawk's default classes and implements the interface IceHawk\IceHawk\Interfaces\ProvidesRequestInfo which looks as follows:

<?php declare(strict_types = 1);

namespace IceHawk\IceHawk\Interfaces;

interface ProvidesRequestInfo
{
    public function newWithOverwrites( array $array ) : ProvidesRequestInfo;

    public function getArgv() : array;

    public function getArgc() : int;

    public function isSecure() : bool;

    public function getMethod() : string;

    public function getUri() : string;

    public function getHost() : string;

    public function getConnection() : string;

    public function getUserAgent() : string;

    public function getServerAddress() : string;

    public function getClientAddress() : string;

    public function getClientHost() : string;

    public function getClientPort() : string;

    public function getClientUser() : string;

    public function getRedirectClientUser() : string;

    public function getRequestTimeFloat() : float;

    public function getRequestTime() : string;

    public function getAcceptedContentTypes() : string;

    public function getAcceptedCharsets() : string;

    public function getAcceptedEncoding() : string;

    public function getAcceptedLanguage() : string;

    public function getQueryString() : string;

    public function getReferer() : string;

    public function getAuthType() : string;

    public function getAuthDigest() : string;

    public function getAuthUser() : string;

    public function getAuthPassword() : string;

    public function getContentType() : string;

    public function getContentLength() : string;

    public function getPhpSelf() : string;

    public function getGatewayInterface() : string;

    public function getServerName() : string;

    public function getServerSoftware() : string;

    public function getServerProtocol() : string;

    public function getServerAdmin() : string;

    public function getServerPort() : string;

    public function getServerSignature() : string;

    public function getPathTranslated() : string;

    public function getDocumentRoot() : string;

    public function getScriptName() : string;

    public function getScriptFilename() : string;

    public function getPathInfo() : string;

    public function getOriginalPathInfo() : string;

    public function getCustomValue( string $key ) : string;
}

How to create an instance?

If you want to create an instance based on the superglobal $_SERVER variable, do it like this:

<?php declare(strict_types=1);

# ...

# This is IceHawk's default:

$requestInfo = RequestInfo::fromEnv();

# This is the same as:

$requestInfo = new RequestInfo( $_SERVER );

As you can see you can inject any array into the constructor of the class. This has 2 main advantages:

  1. You can easily test the object using unit tests
  2. You can easily inject user-defined data instead of using the $_SERVER array

Where to intantiate the object?

As shown in the configuration section you need to provide an instance of the RequestInfo class (or an implementation of the ProvidesRequestInfo interface) once in the getRequestInfo() method. IceHawk will then inject it to all subsequent objects.


Where can I use the RequestInfo object?

The RequestInfo object is injected to all relevant objects where you can place your code. In Detail:

IceHawk delegate

As you can see in the delegation section the IceHawk component provides places to set up your error and/or session handling.

The request info object is directly passed to these delegate methods:

class IceHawkDelegate implements SetsUpEnvironment
{
    public function setUpErrorHandling( ProvidesRequestInfo $requestInfo )
    {

    }

    public function setUpSessionHandling( ProvidesRequestInfo $requestInfo )
    {

    }
}

RequestHandlers

Every IceHawk request handler, regardless of read or write side, needs to implement one method:

# Read side
public function handle( ProvidesReadRequestData $request );

# Write side
public function handle( ProvidesReadRequestData $request );

These methods are defined by the two base interfaces for request handlers:

  • IceHawk\IceHawk\Interfaces\HandlesReadRequest
  • IceHawk\IceHawk\Interfaces\HandlesWriteRequest

The provided $request object gives you access to a) the request info object and b) to the request input data as follows:

# Read side
public function handle( ProvidesReadRequestData $request )
{
    # Get the request info object
    $requestInfo = $request->getInfo();

    # Get the request input data object
    $requestInput = $request->getInput();
}

# Write side
public function handle( ProvidesWriteRequestData $request )
{
    # Get the request info object
    $requestInfo = $request->getInfo();

    # Get the request input data object
    $requestInput = $request->getInput();
}

IceHawk Events

As you can read in the events and subscribers section the IceHawk component publishes some events you can subscribe to. The following events will also carry the RequestInfo object:

The following example shows how to access the RequestInfo object inside an event subscriber:

class YourReadHandlingEventSubscriber extends AbstractEventSubscriber
{
    protected function whenHandlingReadRequest( HandlingReadRequestEvent $event )
    {
        # Get request info object
        $requestInfo = $event->getRequestInfo();
    }
}

This is the same for all other subscribers / events.

Final responders

As you can read in the final responding section the IceHawk component lets you finally respond to requests that caused an error.

The final responder object gets passed the same $request object as a request handler would get. This example shows how to access the request info object in a final responder:

class YourFinalReadResponder implements RespondsFinallyToReadRequest
{
    public function handleUncaughtException( \Throwable $throwable, ProvidesReadRequestData $request )
    {
        # Get the request info object
        $requestInfo = $request->getInfo();
    }
}

What array keys does the default RequestInfo expect?

Please note:

  • These keys are only relevant if you use IceHawk's default RequestInfo class. In your own implementation you can of course choose whatever keys you want.
  • The keys are accessed case-sensitive and therefor need to be UPPERCASE, except argc, argv and optional custom keys.

Used keys:

  • argc
  • argv
  • AUTH_TYPE
  • CONTENT_LENGTH
  • CONTENT_TYPE
  • DOCUMENT_ROOT
  • GATEWAY_INTERFACE
  • HTTP_ACCEPT
  • HTTP_ACCEPT_CHARSET
  • HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING
  • HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE
  • HTTP_CONNECTION
  • HTTP_HOST
  • HTTP_REFERER
  • HTTP_USER_AGENT
  • HTTPS
  • ORIG_PATH_INFO
  • PATH_INFO
  • PATH_TRANSLATED
  • PHP_AUTH_DIGEST
  • PHP_AUTH_PW
  • PHP_AUTH_USER
  • PHP_SELF
  • QUERY_STRING
  • REDIRECT_REMOTE_USER
  • REMOTE_ADDR
  • REMOTE_HOST
  • REQUEST_METHOD
  • REMOTE_PORT
  • REMOTE_USER
  • REQUEST_TIME
  • REQUEST_TIME_FLOAT
  • REQUEST_URI
  • SCRIPT_NAME
  • SCRIPT_FILENAME
  • SERVER_ADDR
  • SERVER_ADMIN
  • SERVER_NAME
  • SERVER_PORT
  • SERVER_PROTOCOL
  • SERVER_SIGNATURE
  • SERVER_SOFTWARE
  • Optional custom keys

Please see the official PHP documentation for more information about the $_SERVER indices.


What do you get from the methods?

public function newWithOverwrites( array $array ) : ProvidesRequestInfo

This method allows to create a new instance based on an existing request info object by overriding parts/all of its values. Please note that the request info object is meant to be immutable, that's why you cannot change its values directly.


public function getArgv() : array

Returns an array of command line interface arguments, if any provided. (Only when run on CLI)


public function getArgc() : int

Returns the number of command line interface arguments, if any provided. (Only when run on CLI)


public function isSecure() : bool

This methods returns whether the current request comes on a secured (SSL) connection or not. (Key: HTTPS)

Please note: The check of the value "on" is case-insensitive, so all the following variants will result to true: ['HTTPS'=> 'on'], ['HTTPS' => 'On'], ['HTTPS' => 'ON'], ['HTTPS' => 'oN'].


public function getMethod() : string

Returns the HTTP method (or verb) of the current request. (Key: REQUEST_METHOD)

Please note:

  • The returned string is always UPPERCASE.
  • The IceHawk component ships with an abstract class containing all HTTP methods (or verbs) as class constants: HttpMethod. You can use this class constants to check against the results of the RequestInfo::getMethod().
  • The IceHawk component decides whether to do read or write handling based on the result of this method. (So it'd better be correct!)

public function getUri() : string

Returns the current request URI without the query string. (Key: REQUEST_URI)

Please note:

  • This method strips the query string part of the request URI. Use getQueryString() to retrieve it.
  • The patterns of your routes is matched against the result of this method. See the routing section for more information.

public function getHost() : string

Returns the current HTTP hostname. (Key: HTTP_HOST)

For a request on this page, it should return: icehawk.github.io.


public function getConnection() : string

Returns the contents of the Connection: header from the current request, if there is one. Example: Keep-Alive. (Key: HTTP_CONNECTION)


public function getUserAgent() : string

Returns the client's user agent string. (Key: HTTP_USER_AGENT)

A request from a Google Chrome web browser for example can result in: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_12_1) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/54.0.2840.71 Safari/537.36.


public function getServerAddress() : string

Returns the ip address of the server handling the current request. (Key: SERVER_ADDR)


public function getClientAddress() : string

Returns the ip address of the client that issued the current request. (Key: REMOTE_ADDR)


public function getClientHost() : string

Returns the hostname from which the user is viewing the current page. The reverse dns lookup is based off the REMOTE_ADDR of the user. (Key: REMOTE_HOST)

Note: Your web server must be configured to create this variable. For example in Apache you'll need HostnameLookups On inside httpd.conf for it to exist.


public function getClientPort() : string

Returns the port being used on the user's machine to communicate with the web server. (Key: REMOTE_PORT)


public function getClientUser() : string

Returns the authenticated user. (Key: REMOTE_USER)


public function getRedirectClientUser() : string

Returns the authenticated user if the request is internally redirected. (Key: REDIRECT_REMOTE_USER)


public function getRequestTime() : string

Returns the timestamp when the current request hit the server. (Key: REQUEST_TIME)


public function getRequestTimeFloat() : float

Returns the timestamp when the current request hit the server as floating point number. (Key: REQUEST_TIME_FLOAT)


public function getAcceptedContentTypes() : string

Returns the contents of the Accept header of the current request, if provided. (Key: HTTP_ACCEPT)


public function getAcceptedCharsets() : string

Returns the contents of the Accept-Charset: header from the current request, if there is one. Example: iso-8859-1,*,utf-8. (Key: HTTP_ACCEPT_CHARSET)


public function getAcceptedEncoding() : string

Returns the contents of the Accept-Encoding: header from the current request, if there is one. Example: gzip. (Key: HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING)


public function getAcceptedLanguage() : string

Returns the contents of the Accept-Language: header from the current request, if there is one. Example: en. (Key: HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE)


public function getQueryString() : string

Returns the query string of the current request. (Key: QUERY_STRING)


public function getReferer() : string

Returns the address of the page (if any) which referred the user agent to the current page. (Key: HTTP_REFERER)


public function getAuthType() : string

Returns the type of HTTP authentication. (Key: AUTH_TYPE)


 public function getAuthDigest() : string

When doing Digest HTTP authentication this variable is set to the Authorization: header sent by the client (which you should then use to make the appropriate validation). (Key: PHP_AUTH_DIGEST)


public function getAuthUser() : string

Returns the provided username when doing HTTP authentication. (Key: PHP_AUTH_USER)


public function getAuthPassword() : string

Returns the provided password when doing HTTP authentication. (Key: PHP_AUTH_PW)


public function getContentType() : string

Returns the provided content type header on a POST or PUT request. (Key: CONTENT_TYPE)


public function getContentLength() : string

Returns the provided content length header on a POST or PUT request. (Key: CONTENT_LENGTH)


public function getPhpSelf() : string

Returns the filename of the currently executing script, relative to the document root. For instance /foo/bar.php for a script at the address http://example.com/foo/bar.php. (Key: PHP_SELF)


public function getGatewayInterface() : string

Returns what revision of the CGI specification the server is using. Example FastCGI/1.0. (Key: GATEWAY_INTERFACE)


public function getServerName() : string

Returns the name of the server host under which the current script is executing. (Key: SERVER_NAME)


public function getServerSoftware() : string

Returns the server identification string, given in the headers when responding to requests. (Key: SERVER_SOFTWARE)


public function getServerProtocol() : string

Returns the name and revision of the information protocol via which the page was requested. Example: HTTP/1.1 (Key: SERVER_PROTOCOL)


public function getServerAdmin() : string

Returns the value given to the SERVER_ADMIN (for Apache) directive in the web server configuration file. If the script is running on a virtual host, this will be the value defined for that virtual host. (Key: SERVER_ADMIN)


public function getServerPort() : string

Returns the port on the server machine being used by the web server for communication. For default setups, this will be 80; using SSL, for instance, will change this to whatever your defined secure HTTP port is. (Key: SERVER_PORT)


public function getServerSignature() : string

Returns a string containing the server version and virtual host name which are added to server-generated pages, if enabled. (Key: SERVER_SIGNATURE)


public function getPathTranslated() : string

Returns the Filesystem- (not document root-) based path to the current script, after the server has done any virtual-to-real mapping. (Key: PATH_TRANSLATED)


public function getDocumentRoot() : string

Returns the document root directory under which the current script is executing, as defined in the server's configuration file. (Key: DOCUMENT_ROOT)


public function getScriptName() : string

Returns the current script's path. This is useful for pages which need to point to themselves. (Key: SCRIPT_NAME)


public function getScriptFilename() : string

Returns the absolute pathname of the currently executing script. (Key: SCRIPT_FILENAME)


public function getPathInfo() : string

Returns any client-provided pathname information trailing the actual script filename but preceding the query string, if available. Example: /some/stuff for http://www.example.com/php/path_info.php/some/stuff?foo=bar (Key: PATH_INFO)


public function getOriginalPathInfo() : string

Returns the original version of PATH_INFO before processed by PHP. (Key: PATH_INFO)


public function getCustomValue( string $key ) : string;

Returns an optionally user-defined value. (Key: <custom>)